For the third time in three months, China blocked a joint India-U.S. attempt to put a Pakistan-based terrorist on the UN Security Council’s 1267 list. It placed a hold on the proposal to add Lashkar-e-Taiba ‘commander’ Sajid Mir, who is wanted for the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.



In August 2022, China had blocked a proposal by India and the US at the UNSC to designate Abdul Rauf Azhar as a global terrorist.


Sanctions of the UN Security Council

  • Under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the UN Security Council can take action to maintain or restore international peace and security.
  • The application of sanctions is one of the possibilities the Council has in this respect.
  • Sanctions measures, under Article 41 of the UN Charter, encompass a broad range of enforcement options that do not involve the use of armed force.
  • The measures can range from economic and trade embargoes to more targeted measures against specific individuals, companies or entities, such as the freezing of funds and travel bans.


Sanctions regimes

  • Currently, the UNSC has 14 active sanctions regimes which focus on supporting political processes in armed conflicts, nuclear non-proliferation and counter-terrorism.
  • Sanctions regimes are enacted via a UN Security Council resolution.


Sanctions committee

  • Each sanctions regime is administered by a sanctions committee that consists of all 15 members of the Security Council.
    • 15 members include – 5 permanent member and 10 non-permanent members of UNSC.
  • These sanctions committees ensure the implementation of the sanctions and can decide by consensus to adopt targeted sanctions against specific individuals, enterprises or entities.
    • UNSC Al-Qaeda and ISIL Sanctions Committee or 1267 sanctions committee is one of them.


UNSC Al-Qaeda and ISIL Sanctions Committee

  • The ISIL (Da’esh) and Al Qaida sanctions committee is also known as the 1267 sanctions committee.
  • It is one of the most important and active UN subsidiary bodies working to combat terrorism, particularly in relation to ISIL (Da’esh), Al‑Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities.



  • Once an entity or an individual is included in the list it gets designated as the “Global Terrorist”.
  • The member states are required to —
    • freeze funds and financial assets of that individual/entity,
    • enforce a travel ban, and
    • cut off access to arms and related materials.


Procedure followed by the committee

  • Decision by consensus —
      • The decisions are adopted by consensus.
      • This requirement effectively gives a veto to all 15 members of the committee (10 non-permanent + 5 permanent).
  • Member can place a hold on the decision —
      • A committee member can place a “hold” on the decision should they require more time and information to consider the matter at hand.
      • As per the guidelines, a hold can last for as long as 6 months at a time, but can be extended further under “extraordinary circumstances”.
      • Apart from this vague condition, there is no restriction on repeatedly invoking a hold.
  • Meeting behind the close doors —
      • Committee meetings take place in closed sessions, with no publication of the agenda, proceedings and voting records of the committee.