The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica), a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve.



  • Belonging to the Anacardiaceae family, the tree was once abundant in the hills on the southern parts of the Aryankavu Pass in Kerala’s Kollam district, but its presence has been fast receding from the area over the years.
  • Gluta travancorica is very susceptible to climate change and the present condition of the species is quite bad with low regeneration performance.
  • Though the flowering usually happens in January, of late, the species has reported a tendency to extend the process due to climate change. It is an adaptation strategy to increase the chances of germination and maintain a minimum viable population.
  • Though the tree is also seen inside the shola forests near Ponmudi, effective pollination hardly takes place in the habitat.