The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Deputy Governor recently said that Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) platforms could bring about a substantive change in the sphere of cross-border payments.


About Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)

  • CBDCs are a form of digital currency issued by a country’s central bank.
  • Examples of central banks include the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the US Federal Reserve System, the Bank of Japan.
  • CBDCs are similar to stablecoins, except that their value is fixed by the central bank and equivalent to the country’s fiat currency.
  • Advantages —
      • It provides businesses and consumers with privacy, transferability, convenience, accessibility, and financial security.
      • It also decreases the cost of maintenance that a complex financial system requires.
      • It reduces cross-border transaction costs.
      • It would also reduce the risks associated with using digital currencies, or cryptocurrencies, in their current form. CBDCs, backed by a government and controlled by a central bank, would give households, consumers, and businesses a secure means of exchanging digital currency.


What are Stablecoins?

  • They are cryptocurrencies whose value is pegged or tied to that of another currency, commodity, or financial instrument.
  • Stablecoins aim to provide an alternative to the high volatility of the most popular cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin (BTC).
  • Unlike cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, stablecoins’ prices remain steady in accordance with whichever fiat currency backs them. E.g., USDC stablecoin is backed by dollar-denominated assets.