The 205th anniversary of the Battle of Koregaon Bhima was celebrated at the Jaystambh in Pune’s Perne village amidst heavy police deployment.

 

Background

  • A small village in Pune district of Maharashtra, Bhima-Koregaon is associated with an important phase of Maratha history.
  • The people of Dalit communities gather in Bhima Koregaon on 1 January every year to pay tribute to the Dalit heroes who died in the war between the British and the Peshwas on 1 January 1818.
  • The Peshwas were defeated in this battle of Bhima Koregaon.

 

Battle of 1818

  • The battle of Bhima Koregaon was fought on January 1, 1818, between Peshwa Bajirao II and British army commanded by Captain F F Staunton of the East India Company. The battle was a part of the Third Anglo-Maratha War.
  • The British army was largely dominated by Mahars – the most populous of the Dalit sub-castes in Maharashtra.
  • The Dalit-dominated British Army had defeated a Peshwa army.
  • It resulted in losses to the Maratha empire, then under Peshwa rule, and control over most of western, central and southern India by the British East India Company.

 

Koregaon Pillar (Jaystambh)

  • In the memory of Battle, the British built squared-pillar to pay homage to the martyr soldiers, which is popularly known as ‘Koregaon Pillar’.
  • The pillar symbolises the courage of Mahar Regiment.
  • The names of the martyred soldiers were engraved on the pillars and soldiers were honoured with a medal by the British in 1851.