Expanding the mandate of the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme, the Central government has announced the inclusion of skilling of girls in non-traditional livelihood (NTL) options in its flagship programme.

 

What are the changes?

  • Recently, an inter-ministerial conference on non-traditional livelihoods (NTLs) for adolescent girls was held on the occasion of the International Day of the Girl Child.
  • At the event, to expand the mandate of BBBP scheme, the Central government announced the inclusion of skilling of girls in NTL under its flagship programme.
  • Other Changes introduced to the scheme include the following —
      • The scheme will now also focus on increasing the enrolment of girls in secondary education, particularly in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) subjects.
          • Women have been historically under-represented in areas such as technology.
      • Some of the new aims for the scheme include —
          • Ensuring 1% increment in enrolment at the secondary level and skilling of girls and women every year,
          • Raising awareness about safe menstrual hygiene, and
          • Promulgating elimination of child marriages.
  • A national committee headed by the Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development, formed under the larger Mission Shakti mandate, will be the apex committee to review the implementation of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme at regular intervals.

 

About Mission Shakti

  • ‘Mission Shakti’ is a scheme in mission mode aimed at strengthening interventions for women safety, security and empowerment.
  • The scheme seeks to make women economically empowered, exercising free choice over their minds and bodies in an atmosphere free from violence and threat.
  • It also seeks to reduce the care burden on women and increase female labour force participation by promoting skill development, capacity building, financial literacy, access to micro-credit etc.
  • ‘Mission Shakti’ has two sub-schemes – ‘Sambal‘ and ‘Samarthya‘ —
      • “Sambal” sub-scheme is for safety and security of women,
      • “Samarthya” sub-scheme is for empowerment of women.

 

About the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ scheme

  • The name Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao translates to ‘Save the girl child, educate the girl child’.
  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was launched by the Central government in January, 2015.
  • The scheme aims to achieve the following goals –
      • Improve the child sex ratio
      • Ensure gender equality and women empowerment
      • Prevent gender-biased, sex selective elimination
      • Ensure survival and protection of the girl child
      • Encourage education and participation of the girl child
  • Nodal Ministries – It is a tri-ministerial effort of –
      • Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD)
      • Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
      • Ministry of Education
          • Budgetary control and administration of the BBBP falls under the MoWCD’s purview.