Recently, an expert committed appointed by the National Medical Commission ruled out the application of Stem Cell therapy to Autism Spectrum Disorder.

 

What is ‘Autism’?

  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain.
  • People with ASD may behave, communicate, interact, and learn in ways that are different from most other people.
  • ASD begins before the age of 3 years and can last throughout a person’s life, although symptoms may improve over time.
  • Symptoms —
      • People with ASD often have problems with social communication and interaction, and restricted or repetitive behaviours or interests.
      • They may also have different ways of learning, moving, or paying attention.
  • Initiatives to Raise Awareness on ASD —
      • United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), Sustainable Development Goals deal with rights of people with disabilities including autism.
      • The Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 increased the types of disabilities from 7 to 21.
      • It also added autism spectrum disorder among others.