World Affairs

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Security Council Reforms | MEA Lecture Summary

By | 2017-11-22T14:24:56+00:00 November 22nd, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, International Relations, World Affairs|

For practically four and a half decades the work of United Nations had been impacted by the power contest between the two super powers namely the United States and the USSR. Post-disintegration of USSR, it was expected to return to the primary function of maintaining international peace and security, but the experience is not so optimistic. Security Council - The Security Council is the main organ entrusted with the responsibility on issues relating to international peace and security. It reflected the power architecture prevailing at the end of the World War II. The victors and their proxies including the US, the [...]

Communism | Comprehensive Analysis as in 2017

By | 2017-11-03T23:44:02+00:00 November 3rd, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, International Relations, World Affairs|Tags: |

A hundred years ago, a group of Communist revolutionaries stormed the Winter Palace in St Petersburg to overthrow the first democratic government in Russian history. A group of European historians, in a book titled The Black Book Of Communism, estimated that 94 million people have been killed by Communist regimes around the world over the years. What is Communism? Communism is a political ideology that believes that societies can achieve full social equality by eliminating private property.  It is a theory or system of social organisation in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives [...]

IMF Reforms | All India Radio Summary

By | 2017-10-26T21:49:13+00:00 October 26th, 2017|Categories: AIR Spotlight, Economy, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, International Relations, World Affairs|

The keys to ignite the growth of world economy now are undeniably in the hands of dynamic emerging economies. India, therefore, has reminded the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) that there could not be any turning back on committed IMF reforms. The core issue however is the ‘quota reforms’ in the global financial institutions. IMF reforms - The Finance Minister gave a timely reminder that the reformed quota shares in the IMF must align with the strength of the dynamic emerging economy countries. Indeed, IMF reforms in quota share in IMF were agreed to be completed by [...]

IAS Coaching Online | India’s Soft Power

By | 2017-10-25T00:41:46+00:00 October 25th, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, GS Paper 2, International Relations, World Affairs|

IAS coaching requires you to read everything comprehensively. We strive our best to provide you with best content. Read this article on Soft Power as an “Answer-ready” article. The terminology of ‘soft power’ is attributed to the vocabulary of Americans during the Cold-war view of things. In this constructed view, the West was associated with prosperity and the Communist bloc was associated with deprivation, lack of freedom and an iron curtain that separated prosperity of the West from the deprivation of the East. To that extent, the West exercised a considerable amount of ‘soft power’ over the population of Communist bloc in [...]

United Nations- UN Reforms | Livemint

By | 2017-09-23T00:51:23+00:00 September 23rd, 2017|Categories: Editorial Simplified, GS Mains, GS Paper 2, International Relations, World Affairs|Tags: , , , |

The Trump administration is leading a high-profile effort this year for UN reforms. In his remarks at a UN “Management, Security and Development” meeting convened by UN secretary general António Guterres, the US President said that “in recent years, the UN has not reached its full potential due to bureaucracy and mismanagement”. What is the issue today? Trump had also earlier accused the UN of causing problems than solving them. Reforming the UN is big on the Trump administration’s agenda and this reforms agenda is largely based on two principles: sovereignty and accountability. The US is also keen that the management [...]

North Korea Crisis | RSTV Summary

By | 2017-09-07T01:29:57+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, International Relations, World Affairs|

North Korea has considerably upgraded its nuclear weapons arsenal and capability which is increasing tensions in the Korean peninsula. It has conducted the intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) tests. President Trump has strongly reverted back by pointing that the American Government can reply using the analogy of fire and fury. This situation is compared to the Cuban missile crisis of 1962. Analysis - North Korea-USA relations are antagonistic in nature since the Korean War. Since the Korean War of 1950s, the US has regularly maintained a strong military presence in South Korea and Japan. North Korea maintains a huge military force as [...]

India and China propose joint project at WTO | PIB

By | 2017-09-02T13:48:09+00:00 September 2nd, 2017|Categories: Economy, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, International Relations, World Affairs|

Recently (on 18 July 2017) India and China jointly submitted a proposal to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) calling for the elimination - by developed countries - of the most trade-distorting form of farm subsidies, known in WTO parlance as Aggregate Measurement of Support (AMS) or ‘Amber Box’ support as a prerequisite   for consideration of other reforms in domestic support negotiations. Significance – This is an important proposal by India and China in view of the ongoing negotiations for the upcoming 11th Ministerial Conference of the WTO to be held in Buenos Aires in December 2017. It counters the efforts by [...]

Astana Summit 2017 and Beyond

By | 2017-06-24T10:36:43+00:00 June 24th, 2017|Categories: Around The World, Director's Desk, GS Paper 2, International Relations, Science and Technology, World Affairs|

After being an observer in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) since 2005, India finally gained entry to the multilateral grouping during the Astana Summit 2017 held in June. Background | Astana Summit 2017 India had applied for the full membership in 2014 after weighing very judicially the opportunities and challenges that might be presented to it after its accession to the SCO. Significance of SCO | Astana Summit 2017 Undoubtedly, the SCO has evolved over the years as a very significant regional organisation for forging cooperation amongst its members in diverse fields. With both India and Pakistan becoming members the profile of SCO [...]

Pak-Saudi Security ties in a Churn (RSTV Debate)

By | 2017-05-05T07:59:53+00:00 May 5th, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, GS Mains, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, International Relations, RSTV, Security, Videos, World Affairs|Tags: , , , , , , |

Pak-Saudi Security relationship seems to be undergoing a reset. Last year, former Pakistani Army Chief General Raheel Sharif was selected by Riyadh as the commander of the Saudi-led alliance of Muslim majority countries, ostensibly aimed at counter-terrorism. The alliance is meant to essentially target the Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen who are active on the Saudi borders. Then came the news last week since denied that Pakistan would send a brigade strength of combat troops to Saudi Arabia for deployment along its southern borders in the ongoing conflict with Yemen. Islamabad and Riyadh have had a close security relationship. Not only [...]

French Presidential Election

By | 2017-05-04T07:14:41+00:00 May 4th, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, GS Mains, World Affairs|Tags: , |

The second round of French Presidential Election poll is on May 7th. In the first round, the far-right candidate Marine Le Pen and central-left candidate Emmanuel Macron have come out on top. The top two spots have gone to protest candidates as they are both critical of traditional elites, even though from different perspectives. They are being called outsiders despite Emmanuel being France’s former economy minister and Le Pen being a current member of European Parliament. This is the first time that the two mainstream parties, the Socialist Party and the Republican Party are out of the Presidential race. The road [...]

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