Social Issuess

/Social Issuess

Women Empowerment by Job Creation

By | 2017-11-28T22:46:01+00:00 November 28th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , , , |

According to the World Economic Forum’s “Global Gender Gap Report 2017” about Women Empowerment, India’s ranking has fallen by 21 places from last year. Not only are we currently far below the global average but also behind our neighbours China and Bangladesh. A pessimistic account - In terms of contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), women are currently under-represented. At 17%, India has a lower share of women’s contribution to GDP than the global average of 37%. This is a bad figure for Women Empowerment in India. The participation levels have been dropping in the last few years. The National Sample [...]

Immunization in India | The Hindu Business Line

By | 2017-10-21T16:21:39+00:00 October 21st, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, Editorial Simplified, GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 3, Social Issuess|

Today, as India makes strides in sustained living for its citizens, health is rightly placed at the centre of the conversation, as a crucial determinant of the power of its growing economy and immunization in India makes it an important aspect of governance. Global Vaccine Action Plan for immunization in india (GVAP) - In the context of healthcare, the GVAP (Global Vaccine Action Plan) launched in 2012 has been a formidable step towards providing equitable access to vaccines for people living in low-income countries. Under GVAP, 194 countries came together to commit better healthcare for the world and with a promise [...]

Swachh Bharat Mission | All India Radio Summary

By | 2017-10-04T11:25:53+00:00 October 4th, 2017|Categories: AIR Spotlight, Governance, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, PIB/AIR Updates, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , , |

Introduction – More than a 100 years ago Mahatma Gandhiji said, “Sanitation is more important than political independence”. Three years ago, to honour the Father of the Nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a clarion call on Gandhiji’s birthday, by launching the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission” (SBM or Clean India Mission) to sanitise the country by October 2, 2019—as a fitting tribute to Bapu on his 150th birth anniversary. What is SBM? Universal sanitation is at the core of India’s development agenda. The Clean India Mission or SBM has two sub missions – SBM (Rural) and SBM (Urban). It aims to end [...]

Universal Health Coverage | Observer Research Foundation

By | 2017-09-26T21:52:41+00:00 September 26th, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Paper 2, Social Issuess|Tags: , , |

Goal three of the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires all countries to achieve Universal Health Coverage(UHC) by 2030. What does the SDG say? It entails access to quality essential health care services, access to safe, effective and affordable medicines and vaccines, as well as financial risk protection for all at all ages. UHC could, therefore, be regarded as an umbrella goal for health in the new development agenda. Significance – It not only transcends all other health-related targets but also draws linkages with the rest of the development goals. The achievement of UHC is critical to the success of the overarching [...]

Rohingya Issue | All India Radio Debate Summary

By | 2017-09-22T01:06:42+00:00 September 22nd, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, International Relations, PIB/AIR Updates, Social Issuess|

Introduction - The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNCHR) Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein has accused Myanmar of carrying out a “text book example of ethnic cleansing” against the Rohingyas even as he criticized New Delhi seeking to deport members of the community who had fled to India. India has rebutted this criticism strongly. Background - The one-million-strong Rohingya community has been persecuted and considered stateless since 1982, despite having lived in Myanmar for generations. Myanmar, a Buddhist-majority country, classifies members of the group as “Bengali” and, therefore, belonging in Bangladesh. The Rohingyas are the world’s biggest stateless ethnic group. Myanmar’s [...]

Tackling workplace harassment UPSC | Livemint

By | 2017-08-11T20:47:31+00:00 August 11th, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, Social Issuess|

Introduction – Workplace sexual harassment is an important issue that deserves more than the intermittent attention it receives when high-profile cases are in the news. This is particularly true in India where legal protection for victims was lacking in statutory cover until a few years ago. Some progress has been made since then—but there is still a considerable distance to go. Background – India’s response to workplace sexual harassment rests on two pillars – The first is guidelines issued by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in 2012. These guidelines mandate that listed companies must file a Business Responsibility Report [...]

RTE and No Detention Policy | Livemint

By | 2017-08-10T11:15:10+00:00 August 10th, 2017|Categories: Editorial Simplified, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, Social Issuess|

Introduction – The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or the Right to Education Act (RTE and no detention) was supposed to drive India’s big leap in social development. Recently, the Government had decided to scrap one of its most controversial features, the no-detention policy (NDP. No-detention Policy (NDP) – The NDP was interpreted as a call for all students to be automatically promoted to the next class, without having to take any examinations until class VIII. Analysing NDP – The latest edition of the well-regarded “Annual Status of Education Report” (ASER), which measures overall learning levels, has [...]

Test and Treat Policy for HIV patients | PIB

By | 2017-08-05T00:52:48+00:00 August 5th, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, PIB, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , |

The Government has launched the ‘Test and Treat Policy for HIV patients’ in April 2017. As per this policy all people living with HIV (PLHIV) are to be treated with Antiretro Viral Therapy regardless of CD4 count, clinical stage, age or population. The National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and STI 2017-2024 has been approved in June 2017. Details – Accelerating HIV prevention in key population and ‘at risk group’. Expanding quality assured HIV testing with universal access to comprehensive HIV care. Elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV and syphilis. Addressing the critical enablers in HIV programming. Restructuring the strategic information system [...]

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) | PIB

By | 2017-08-05T00:49:19+00:00 August 5th, 2017|Categories: GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, PIB, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Introduction – As per latest data, IMR has reduced by 58% in India during the period of 1990-2015 which is more than to Global decline of 49% during the same period. The full immunization coverage also improved from 43.5% in 2005 to 62.0% in 2015 and mortality due to Tuberculosis has reduced from 76 per 1,00,000 in 1990 to 32 per 1,00,000 in 2015. Steps taken to combat IMR and increasing vaccine coverage under National Health Mission – Promotion of Institutional deliveries through cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) which entitles all pregnant women [...]

Mission Parivar Vikas

By | 2017-07-12T06:56:06+00:00 July 12th, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, PIB, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , , , , |

Mission Parivar Vikas is a new family planning initiative launched on World Population Day. Mission Parivar Vikas  | Details Mission ParivarVikas will focus on 146 high fertility districts in 7 states with high TFR. Under this, specific targeted initiatives shall be taken for population stabilisation through better services delivery. Mission ParivarVikas is a new initiative conceived by the Ministry with a strategic focus on improving access through provision of services, promotional schemes, commodity security, capacity building, enabling environment and intensive monitoring. The Governmenthas enhanced the basket of contraceptive choices to meet the changing needs of people and have taken steps to [...]

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