Polity

/Polity

Decriminalizing Indian Politics |

By | 2017-11-12T00:07:54+00:00 November 12th, 2017|Categories: Editorial Simplified, Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 2, Polity|

‘Criminalisation’ refers to the use of criminal activities by politicians; either by direct malfeasance or by indirectly recruiting someone. Why in news? Last week, the Supreme Court asked the government about the status of criminal cases pending against elected ministers. The court recommended setting up fast-track courts to deal with the cases. Background - Criminalisation is not a new phenomenon; the first instances of “booth-capturing” were reported in 1957, and involved hired goons who would mobilise or suppress turnout, or vote on behalf of disenfranchised voters. In return for their work, politicians would protect these criminals from prosecution. Criminalisation of politics [...]

Political Funding in India | ORF Summary

By | 2017-10-21T16:12:58+00:00 October 21st, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Paper 2, Polity|

On 3 October, the Supreme Court issued a series of notices to the Union government and the Election Commission of India while hearing a public interest litigation (PIL) filed on behalf of two prominent democracy watchdogs; namely the Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR), and Common Cause. Details of the PIL - The PIL was filed to challenge five amendments made to the statutes in Finance Act 2016 and Finance Act 2017 allegedly opening the door for unrestricted corporate funding to politics and anonymous funding by Indian and foreign enterprises. This apart, the PIL had sought a ban on cash donations to [...]

Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2017 | PIB

By | 2017-09-21T11:59:42+00:00 September 21st, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, Polity|

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for introduction of the Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in Parliament subject to modifications of drafting or consequential nature, if any, as may be considered necessary by the Legislative Department by amending the Dentists Act, 1948. The amendment will reduce the redundancy.  Details of amendment - The clauses being amended include those pertaining to certain modifications in the provisions of the Dentists Act, 1948 with regard to: the Membership  of  the Dental Council of India under clause (f) of   section 3 and the  Membership  of  State  and  [...]

Right to Privacy | Supreme Court Judgement Summary

By | 2017-08-25T01:11:05+00:00 August 25th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, Polity|

Introduction - A nine-judge constitution bench of the Supreme Court on Thursday held that privacy is a fundamental right under the Constitution of India. “Privacy is intrinsic to the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution and will be included under part III of the Constitution.”, said chief justice J.S. Khehar while pronouncing the unanimous verdict. What happens after the judgement? “Right to Privacy” will now find place under Part III of the Constitution of India along with other fundamental rights: right to equality before law, right to various freedoms such as speech and expression/to move [...]

123rd Constitutional Amendment Bill

By | 2017-07-07T08:12:15+00:00 July 7th, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, GS Paper 2, Polity|Tags: , , |

The 123rd Amendment Bill, 2017 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment on April 5, 2017. Aim | 123rd Amendment Bill It seeks to grant the National Commission on Backward Classes (NCBC) constitutional status, at par with the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes. Present status | 123rd Amendment Bill Currently, under the Constitution the NCSC has the power to look into complaints and welfare measures with regard to Scheduled Castes, backward classes and Anglo-Indians. The Bill seeks to remove the power of the NCSC to examine matters related to [...]

Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites And Remains Act, 1958

By | 2017-06-27T07:42:15+00:00 June 27th, 2017|Categories: GS Mains, GS Paper 2, PIB, Polity|Tags: , , , , , |

Ancient Monuments Act 1958 has been proposed to be amended The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the introduction of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament. Aim | Ancient Monuments Act 1958 To make way for certain constructions limited strictly to public works and projects essential to the public within the prohibited area. Proposed Amendments | Ancient Monuments Act 1958 Insertion of a new definition of “public works” in section 2 of the Act. Amendment to section 20A of the Act so as to allow any Department or Office of the [...]

Public Premises Act, 1971 (Amendment )

By | 2017-06-27T07:30:28+00:00 June 27th, 2017|Categories: Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 2, PIB, Polity|Tags: , , , , , , |

Aim – Public Premises Act is to enable summary eviction proceedings in Residential Accommodation  Introduction | Public Premises Act The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for amendment in Section 2 and Section 3 of the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971 (PPE Act, 1971), by inserting definition of 'residential accommodation occupation' in a new clause in section 2 of the Act and inserting provisions relating to eviction from 'residential accommodation occupation' in a new sub-section 3B below sub-section 3A of Section 3 of the Act.  Highlights | Public Premises Act The Amendment will [...]

Real Estate Act Comes Into Force | PIB Summary

By | 2017-05-03T09:07:31+00:00 May 3rd, 2017|Categories: GS Mains, GS Paper 2, PIB, Polity|Tags: , , , , , , |

Ending the nine year long wait, regulation of real estate sector involving over 76,000 companies across the county becomes a reality from tomorrow i.e May 1, 2017 with the Real Estate Act (Regulation & Development), 2016 coming into force.  Real Estate Act | Highlights With all the 92 Sections of the Act coming into effect from tomorrow, developers shall get all the ongoing projects that have not received Completion Certificate and the new projects registered with Regulatory Authorities within three months i.e by July end. This enables the buyers to enforce their rights and seek redressal of grievances after such registration.  [...]

National Court of Appeal

By | 2017-04-28T12:23:11+00:00 April 28th, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, Governance, GS Mains, GS Paper 2, Polity|Tags: , , , |

What is a National Court of Appeal? The National Court of Appeal with regional benches in Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata is meant to act as final court of justice in dealing with appeals from the decisions of the High Courts and tribunals within their region in civil, criminal, labour and revenue matters. In such a scenario, a much-relieved Supreme Court of India situated in Delhi would only hear matters of constitutional law and public law. However, the Centre has rejected this idea. It cites three grounds for rejecting the idea — The Supreme Court always sits in Delhi as per the [...]

State Governments For External Assistance | PIB Summary

By | 2017-04-20T08:26:16+00:00 April 20th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 2, PIB, Polity|Tags: , , , , , , |

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the policy guidelines to allow financially sound State Governments to borrow directly from bilateral ODA (Official development Assistance) partners for implementation of vital infrastructure projects. State Governments For External Assistance | About the approval The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), a State Government entity, has also been allowed to borrow directly from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Official Development Assistance (ODA) loan for implementation of Mumbai Trans Harbour Link (MTHL) project. The estimated project cost for Mumbai Trans-Harbour Link (MTHL) is Rs.17,854 crore, out of which JICA [...]

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