GS Paper 2

/GS Paper 2

Restructuring of NRDWP |


The main challenge facing most centrally sponsored schemes (CSS) has not been the lack of funding but that of strengthening implementation, monitoring and, more fundamentally, linking funding to performance. The rural drinking water sector, under the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) has made a beginning in this direction. Background - The NRDWP, a successor to the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme, was started in 2009. This CSS, with funding on a 50:50 sharing basis between the Centre and the states, had invested about 1.2 trillion rupees on rural water between 2009 and 2017. Until now, NRDWP funds were allocated from [...]

Restructuring of NRDWP | 2018-02-22T17:28:37+00:00

PM Modi’s West Asian outreach | All India Radio Summary


Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to Palestine, UAE and Oman is an attempt to harness most of the advantages that this region provides. The visit of the Iranian President to India this week has also been significant. Significance of the visits - The Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Ramallah, the capital of Palestine was symbolically unique as it was the first time that an Indian Prime Minister visited Palestine which has received support from India from the moment the Israel-Palestine dispute erupted in 1948. Palestinian authorities had also provided crucial intelligence support to India in its quest to bring back [...]

PM Modi’s West Asian outreach | All India Radio Summary 2018-02-19T17:43:16+00:00

Ashgabat Agreement (V Important for Prelims 2018)


India recently joined the Ashgabat Agreement, which was instituted in April 2011 to establish an international multimodal transport and transit corridor between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. Background - The Agreement was first signed by Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman and Qatar on 25 April 2011. While Qatar subsequently withdrew from the agreement in 2013, Kazakhstan and Pakistan joined the grouping in 2016. The Ashgabat Agreement came into force in April 2016. Its objective is to enhance connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronise it with other regional transport corridors, including the International North–South Transport Corridor (INSTC). Objective - Among other [...]

Ashgabat Agreement (V Important for Prelims 2018) 2018-02-17T14:09:01+00:00

National Urban Policy | Critical Analysis


National Urban Policy is the need of the hour as India is in the midst of a major urbanisation boom. With increased opportunities, urbanisation also poses various challenges to our country. Statistical data - As per Census 2011, 377 million Indians comprising 31.1% of the total population lived in urban areas. This is estimated to have risen to 420 million in 2015 (UN-Habitat “World Cities Report 2016”). Going ahead, by 2030, India’s urban population is projected to increase to 600 million. Challenges - Indian cities face challenges in terms of deficits in infrastructure, governance and sustainability. With rapid urbanisation, these problems [...]

National Urban Policy | Critical Analysis 2018-02-13T11:18:09+00:00

Women in Politics | Editorial Analysis


Women in Politics: Editorial Analysis by Raj Malhotra's IAS Democratic governance is based on the underlying principle of inclusivity and representation for all. This makes democracy the best form of governance. The system of democratic governance in India is relatively new and is very well spelt out in the Indian Constitution, which is representative of every diverse voice within the system. But it has not yet fully realised the potential of almost half of the population i.e. women citizens of our country. Concern - Women's representation in parliament was only 3 per cent at the eve of independence, and 70 years [...]

Women in Politics | Editorial Analysis 2018-02-11T14:15:41+00:00

Maldives Crisis | All you need to know


Maldives Crisis which erupted on 1 February 2018 took both the government and the people by surprise. What triggered the crisis? In a unanimous judgment, the five member Supreme Court of Maldives directed that nine political prisoners including former President Mohamed Nasheed should be set free as cases against them were politically motivated. It ruled that fresh cases be initiated against them. This initiated the Maldives Crisis. In addition, the Court instructed that the 12 Members of Parliament who had been stripped of their positions by President Abdullah Yameen because they had defected from his Party, the Progressive Party of Maldives [...]

Maldives Crisis | All you need to know 2018-02-10T23:34:16+00:00

State Funding Of Elections and Electoral Bonds


Indian elections are the world’s biggest exercise in democracy but also among the most expensive. Parties and candidates need large sums of money for voter mobilisation, advertising, consulting, transport, propaganda and printing of campaign materials to reach voters in constituencies. Opaque sources of finance - Corporate donations constitute the main source of election funding in India which is awash with black money, with business and corporate donations to political parties commonly taking this form. The public disclosure system that exists is limited. Only in 2008, using the provisions of the Right to Information (RTI) Act, the Central Information Commission allowed disclosure [...]

State Funding Of Elections and Electoral Bonds 2018-01-31T11:58:50+00:00

India’s stand on Jerusalem


What do we make of India’s vote in the UN general assembly (UNGA) condemning the US for moving its embassy to, and recognising, Jerusalem as the capital of Israel? Explanation - The explanation trotted out for the UN vote seems to be based on six assumptions. The first of these is the belief that Arab states would somehow penalise India for voting with the US on this issue. Variously this involves either an oil embargo or action against the Indian diaspora in the Gulf. The second reason given is that Indian Muslims would punish the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for voting [...]

India’s stand on Jerusalem 2017-12-29T01:20:08+00:00

A perfect sanitation solution


It has been three years since India launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) to achieve the ambitious target of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2019. Focus – The Government has been doing its bit to meet the target but there are two very critical aspects that require intervention to achieve the goal. First, relates to software, i.e. changing people’s mindset to use toilets. Second, relates to hardware i.e. to ensure that people have access to the right products and technologies that make toilet-use easy and safe. While most campaigns do address the software aspect, they often fail to understand [...]

A perfect sanitation solution 2017-12-25T16:49:55+00:00

Intra-party Democracy


The elevation of Rahul Gandhi as Congress president has been used by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to portray the Congress as an organisation that adheres to the principle of dynastic succession in contrast to the rise of its party workers to top echelons to project itself as a party with a difference. It is important to ask if there is intraparty democracy in our political parties? International experience - Evidence from other democracies shows a trend towards greater intraparty democracy, decentralisation and transparency within parties. In Germany, for example, parties are required to meet certain conditions in nominating their candidates [...]

Intra-party Democracy 2017-12-25T16:38:44+00:00

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