GS Paper 1

/GS Paper 1

Indian Urban Cities Reforms

2018-01-03T15:11:25+00:00

The Union ministry of housing and urban affairs has prepared a comprehensive road map for municipal reforms. Background - From 2015 to 2017, some basic reforms were implemented in 500 cities under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation. For example, 104 cities in 14 states collected more than 90% of user charges; 21 states have established municipal cadres; 256 cities started offering online citizen services; 21 states established state finance commissions; and 363 cities have completed credit rating. Tier 1 cities reforms - The purpose is to accelerate ongoing key financial and service delivery reforms. There are three sets [...]

Indian Urban Cities Reforms 2018-01-03T15:11:25+00:00

A perfect sanitation solution

2017-12-25T16:49:55+00:00

It has been three years since India launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) to achieve the ambitious target of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2019. Focus – The Government has been doing its bit to meet the target but there are two very critical aspects that require intervention to achieve the goal. First, relates to software, i.e. changing people’s mindset to use toilets. Second, relates to hardware i.e. to ensure that people have access to the right products and technologies that make toilet-use easy and safe. While most campaigns do address the software aspect, they often fail to understand [...]

A perfect sanitation solution 2017-12-25T16:49:55+00:00

Women Empowerment by Job Creation

2017-11-28T22:46:01+00:00

According to the World Economic Forum’s “Global Gender Gap Report 2017” about Women Empowerment, India’s ranking has fallen by 21 places from last year. Not only are we currently far below the global average but also behind our neighbours China and Bangladesh. A pessimistic account - In terms of contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), women are currently under-represented. At 17%, India has a lower share of women’s contribution to GDP than the global average of 37%. This is a bad figure for Women Empowerment in India. The participation levels have been dropping in the last few years. The National Sample [...]

Women Empowerment by Job Creation 2017-11-28T22:46:01+00:00

Immunization in India | The Hindu Business Line

2017-10-21T16:21:39+00:00

Today, as India makes strides in sustained living for its citizens, health is rightly placed at the centre of the conversation, as a crucial determinant of the power of its growing economy and immunization in India makes it an important aspect of governance. Global Vaccine Action Plan for immunization in india (GVAP) - In the context of healthcare, the GVAP (Global Vaccine Action Plan) launched in 2012 has been a formidable step towards providing equitable access to vaccines for people living in low-income countries. Under GVAP, 194 countries came together to commit better healthcare for the world and with a promise [...]

Immunization in India | The Hindu Business Line 2017-10-21T16:21:39+00:00

Swachh Bharat Mission | All India Radio Summary

2017-10-04T11:25:53+00:00

Introduction – More than a 100 years ago Mahatma Gandhiji said, “Sanitation is more important than political independence”. Three years ago, to honour the Father of the Nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a clarion call on Gandhiji’s birthday, by launching the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission” (SBM or Clean India Mission) to sanitise the country by October 2, 2019—as a fitting tribute to Bapu on his 150th birth anniversary. What is SBM? Universal sanitation is at the core of India’s development agenda. The Clean India Mission or SBM has two sub missions – SBM (Rural) and SBM (Urban). It aims to end [...]

Swachh Bharat Mission | All India Radio Summary 2017-10-04T11:25:53+00:00

Rohingya Issue | All India Radio Debate Summary

2017-09-22T01:06:42+00:00

Introduction - The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNCHR) Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein has accused Myanmar of carrying out a “text book example of ethnic cleansing” against the Rohingyas even as he criticized New Delhi seeking to deport members of the community who had fled to India. India has rebutted this criticism strongly. Background - The one-million-strong Rohingya community has been persecuted and considered stateless since 1982, despite having lived in Myanmar for generations. Myanmar, a Buddhist-majority country, classifies members of the group as “Bengali” and, therefore, belonging in Bangladesh. The Rohingyas are the world’s biggest stateless ethnic group. Myanmar’s [...]

Rohingya Issue | All India Radio Debate Summary 2017-09-22T01:06:42+00:00

Sankalp Se Siddhi | PIB Summary 

2017-08-23T22:07:02+00:00

“Sankalp Se Sidhi” program is being organized across the country to commemorate the 75thAnniversary of Quit India Movement. Details – The programs comprise of Kisan Film having message of Hon’ble PM to double farmers’ income by year 2022, followed by pledge for Sankalp Se Sidhi, lecture by agriculture experts and address of the chief guest. The farmers are also being shown various activities in the KVKs and institutes to acquaint them with the latest technologies. A film on patriotism is also being screened on this occasion to motivate the participants. In these programs, 33 Ministers/MPs/MLAs have participated so far. Around 129 [...]

Sankalp Se Siddhi | PIB Summary  2017-08-23T22:07:02+00:00

Tackling workplace harassment UPSC | Livemint

2017-08-11T20:47:31+00:00

Introduction – Workplace sexual harassment is an important issue that deserves more than the intermittent attention it receives when high-profile cases are in the news. This is particularly true in India where legal protection for victims was lacking in statutory cover until a few years ago. Some progress has been made since then—but there is still a considerable distance to go. Background – India’s response to workplace sexual harassment rests on two pillars – The first is guidelines issued by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in 2012. These guidelines mandate that listed companies must file a Business Responsibility Report [...]

Tackling workplace harassment UPSC | Livemint 2017-08-11T20:47:31+00:00

RTE and No Detention Policy | Livemint

2017-08-10T11:15:10+00:00

Introduction – The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or the Right to Education Act (RTE and no detention) was supposed to drive India’s big leap in social development. Recently, the Government had decided to scrap one of its most controversial features, the no-detention policy (NDP. No-detention Policy (NDP) – The NDP was interpreted as a call for all students to be automatically promoted to the next class, without having to take any examinations until class VIII. Analysing NDP – The latest edition of the well-regarded “Annual Status of Education Report” (ASER), which measures overall learning levels, has [...]

RTE and No Detention Policy | Livemint 2017-08-10T11:15:10+00:00

Test and Treat Policy for HIV patients | PIB

2017-08-05T00:52:48+00:00

The Government has launched the ‘Test and Treat Policy for HIV patients’ in April 2017. As per this policy all people living with HIV (PLHIV) are to be treated with Antiretro Viral Therapy regardless of CD4 count, clinical stage, age or population. The National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and STI 2017-2024 has been approved in June 2017. Details – Accelerating HIV prevention in key population and ‘at risk group’. Expanding quality assured HIV testing with universal access to comprehensive HIV care. Elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV and syphilis. Addressing the critical enablers in HIV programming. Restructuring the strategic information system [...]

Test and Treat Policy for HIV patients | PIB 2017-08-05T00:52:48+00:00

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