GS Paper 1

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Section 377 – A long road to freedom

By | 2018-09-07T16:59:38+00:00 September 7th, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1, Social Issuess|Tags: |

A five-judge Constitution Bench on Thursday. demolished a 156-year-old British-era provision in the Indian Penal Code that criminalized homosexuality. It marks only a small first step towards gaining society-wide acceptability and robust legal protection for the LGBTQ community.   Limitation of legislature - India has demonstrated time and again that society’s acceptance of social reform rarely flows automatically from legal prescriptions alone and it would require judicial intervention. The contempt over acceptance of homosexuality by several political leaders pose a threat to the judgement because the enforcement of the judicial pronouncement depends on the political and security institution of the state [...]

Petrol and Diesel Pricing

By | 2018-06-09T16:09:03+00:00 June 9th, 2018|Categories: Economy, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 3|Tags: , , , |

In India, we pay so much for petrol and diesel due to tax and levies. Apart from the argument to contain fiscal deficit, the government has other reasons to not lower down these levies on this public utility. Fascinating statistics - For every additional rupee in tax and levies, the government gets Rs 130 billion more revenue while for every $10 per barrel increase in crude oil prices, GDP growth is reduced by almost 0.2-0.3 percent. Why the people must pay high taxes? Those who use vehicles must pay high taxes so that - It acts as a disincentive to [...]

National Financial Reporting Authority

By | 2018-04-03T12:29:54+00:00 April 3rd, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1|

There was much hope when the finance minister announced the setting up of the NFRA. The Centre’s notification of March 21 regarding its composition has, unfortunately, put paid to that hope. Background of NFRA - The NFRA was first proposed as an independent regulator of accounting and auditing in the wake of the Satyam scandal which went undetected for many years by the company’s auditors. There was a public outcry and calls for a complete overhaul of the regulation of the accounting and auditing profession in India. In 2010, the report of the Standing Committee on Finance of the Lok Sabha [...]

Financial Inclusion in india

By | 2018-03-04T12:41:21+00:00 March 4th, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3|

An inclusive financial ecosystem is quintessential to the social contract between the state and its citizens. It surmounts both physical and, more importantly, psychological barriers, and helps achieve sustainable economic growth. It is gratifying that our policymakers are seized of this imperative and have been working along multiple avenues to address this. CRISIL Inclusix - CRISIL Inclusix measures progress on financial inclusion down to the level of each of the 666 districts in the country, and is based on data provided by the RBI, the MicroFinance Institution Network, and the Insurance Information Bureau of India. It is based on four dimensions—branch [...]

Women in Politics | Editorial Analysis

By | 2018-02-11T14:15:41+00:00 February 11th, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 4|

Women in Politics: Editorial Analysis by Raj Malhotra's IAS Democratic governance is based on the underlying principle of inclusivity and representation for all. This makes democracy the best form of governance. The system of democratic governance in India is relatively new and is very well spelt out in the Indian Constitution, which is representative of every diverse voice within the system. But it has not yet fully realised the potential of almost half of the population i.e. women citizens of our country. Concern - Women's representation in parliament was only 3 per cent at the eve of independence, and 70 years [...]

High Droupout Rate in India | Education

By | 2018-01-31T17:23:01+00:00 January 31st, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1|

According to the ministry of human resource development (MHRD), 62.1 million children are out of school in India and a lot of them contribute to the high dropout rate in India. The 2011 Census estimated the figure at 84 million—nearly 20% of the age group covered under the Right to Education (RTE) Act. Statistical data – The recent Annual Survey of Education Report (ASER) 2017 findings suggest, while on average the difference between enrolment levels of boys and girls at age 14 are declining, by 18, when the state doesn’t encorce compulsory education through the RTE Act, 32% girls are not [...]

Indian Urban Cities Reforms

By | 2018-01-03T15:11:25+00:00 January 3rd, 2018|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 3|

The Union ministry of housing and urban affairs has prepared a comprehensive road map for municipal reforms. Background - From 2015 to 2017, some basic reforms were implemented in 500 cities under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation. For example, 104 cities in 14 states collected more than 90% of user charges; 21 states have established municipal cadres; 256 cities started offering online citizen services; 21 states established state finance commissions; and 363 cities have completed credit rating. Tier 1 cities reforms - The purpose is to accelerate ongoing key financial and service delivery reforms. There are three sets [...]

A perfect sanitation solution

By | 2017-12-25T16:49:55+00:00 December 25th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2|

It has been three years since India launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) to achieve the ambitious target of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2019. Focus – The Government has been doing its bit to meet the target but there are two very critical aspects that require intervention to achieve the goal. First, relates to software, i.e. changing people’s mindset to use toilets. Second, relates to hardware i.e. to ensure that people have access to the right products and technologies that make toilet-use easy and safe. While most campaigns do address the software aspect, they often fail to understand [...]

Women Empowerment by Job Creation

By | 2017-11-28T22:46:01+00:00 November 28th, 2017|Categories: GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2, GS Paper 3, Social Issuess|Tags: , , , , , , , |

According to the World Economic Forum’s “Global Gender Gap Report 2017” about Women Empowerment, India’s ranking has fallen by 21 places from last year. Not only are we currently far below the global average but also behind our neighbours China and Bangladesh. A pessimistic account - In terms of contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), women are currently under-represented. At 17%, India has a lower share of women’s contribution to GDP than the global average of 37%. This is a bad figure for Women Empowerment in India. The participation levels have been dropping in the last few years. The National Sample [...]

Immunization in India | The Hindu Business Line

By | 2017-10-21T16:21:39+00:00 October 21st, 2017|Categories: Director's Desk, Editorial Simplified, GS Mains, GS Paper 1, GS Paper 3, Social Issuess|

Today, as India makes strides in sustained living for its citizens, health is rightly placed at the centre of the conversation, as a crucial determinant of the power of its growing economy and immunization in India makes it an important aspect of governance. Global Vaccine Action Plan for immunization in india (GVAP) - In the context of healthcare, the GVAP (Global Vaccine Action Plan) launched in 2012 has been a formidable step towards providing equitable access to vaccines for people living in low-income countries. Under GVAP, 194 countries came together to commit better healthcare for the world and with a promise [...]

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