General Studies Paper 3 (Science & Technology)
Question:- 77. Highlight India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How have the applications of this technology helped India in its socio-economic development? Answer in 250 words.
Sep 28, 2022


India has become a significant global player in space science and technology(S&T). The credit goes to the scientists, engineers and the visionary leaders of  ISRO and the government’s support to it.The achievements in space sector in the country have been immense ever since the beginning of India’s space programme. Here the details of some of them:



1.Mars Orbiter Mission: India’s first inter planetary mission; made India  one of the four nations in the world to send space mission to Planet Mars; established the Indian technological capability to reach Martian orbit and explored Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere by indigenous scientific instruments.

2.PSLV; GSLV MK III: India’s PSLV with a proven track record of 34 successful flights, has provided the country the crucial autonomy in ‘access to space’. Also, the development of upper cryogenic stage in GSLV MkIII has enabled India to aim for the moon, plan Gaganyaan and also its own space station.

3.India’s Mission to Moon: Chandrayaan 2 successfully put orbiter in moon’s orbit. Also, Chandrayaan-3 has been planned to showcase landing abilities on moon’s surface.

4.Remote Sensing and National Natural Resource Management System: The Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) System, with currently 11 satellites in orbit, is one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation in the world today. It provides inputs for management of natural resources and various developmental projects across the country using space based imagery.

5. Astrosat: One of the first space observatories to observe celestial objects in multi frequency bands.



Socio-Economic development through application of space technology:

  • Survey of various mineral and natural resources have been made possible through remote sensing.
  • Management of these resources, their development conservation and formulation of various policies are effectively done with the use of information derived through remote sensing.
  • Various meteorological services including information about monsoon, climate flood, cyclonic activities etc are provided through the technologies.
  • It has developed communication technology in India. They have proved very useful in spread of education. Even in remote areas, the expertise educations have been made possible through the talk back channels of INSAT-3D satellite.
  • They have helped in environment conservation programmes estimation of agricultural production and water resources information’s.
  • Green revolution had been made possible through this technology.
  • The concept of “Gramsat” satellites have emerged to provide the basic requirements of villages. Also, Bhuvan portals have provided access to crucial information to farmers regarding crops.
  • Apart from these various uses, the space programme has helped in social cultural and scientific consolidation and harmony.



  • In these ways, the space programme has given a push to every aspect of our national policies and programmes contributing widely towards socio-economic development of India besides economic and scientific progress. It is time to make the application of space technologies to everyday lives. There is lot of scope and potential in this regard.