General Studies Paper 3 (Science & Technology)
Question:- 71. Discuss the contributions of Sir M.Visvesvaraya in nation’s development. Answer in 150 words.
Sep 21, 2022


Sir M. Visvesvaraya is considered as one of the pioneer architects of modern India, as his contributions significantly shaped our current position in the world. The British rule in India neglected modernization of Indian agriculture and little was done to improve irrigation system.


LINKAGE POINT: In such situation, Sir M Visvesvaraya revolutionised the field of water technology, contributing enormously to India’s development.



  1. He is credited for his notable contributions towards society namely Construction Projects, automatic weir gates, drainage systems, development of the Block System which would prevent the wasteful flow of water in dams.
  2. Remembered as India’s most prolific civil engineer, dam builder (consolidated dams across country), economist, statesman. He is recognized for his brilliance and creativity in harnessing water resources, and revolutionizing the irrigation system in India.
  3. Chief engineer of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam project in Mysore -main source of water for irrigation for the nearby areas +the main source of drinking water for several cities.
  4. Invented Block system- doors that close in the conditions of overflow). He patented the floodgates -saved thousands of people from ravaging floods, especially in Hyderabad, Mysore, Maharashtra and Odisha.



In 1955, M. Visvesvaraya was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ for his exceptional contribution to the water engineering of India. Every year India celebrates Engineer’s Day on September 15, his birth anniversary.