General Studies Paper 2 (International Relations)
Question:- 26. What do UN peacekeepers do? How has India contributed to UN Peacekeeping? Explain. Answer in 250 words.
Jul 28, 2022


Peacekeeping is one of the most effective tools available to the UN to assist host countries navigate the difficult path from conflict to peace. Peacekeeping has unique strengths, including legitimacy, burden sharing, and an ability to deploy and sustain troops and police from around the globe, integrating them with civilian peacekeepers to advance multidimensional mandates.UN peacekeepers provide security and the political and peace building support to help countries make the difficult, early transition from conflict to peace. UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles:

1.Consent of the parties;


3.Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate.



India’s contributions to UN peacekeeping operations (UNPKOs) have been underscored by the experience and professionalism of India’s armed forces. As an “original” founder-member of the United Nations, India has not hesitated to respond to the calls of the UN to contribute troops for maintaining international peace and security.

1.India has provided 17 Force Commanders to various Missions. Besides the Force Commanders, India also had the honour of providing two Military Advisers, one Female Police Adviser, and one Deputy Military Adviser to the Secretary General of the United Nations.

2.India was the first country to contribute to the Trust Fund on sexual exploitation and abuse, which was set up in 2016.

3.In 2007, India became the first country to deploy an all-women contingent to a UN peacekeeping mission. The Formed Police Unit in Liberia provided 24-hour guard duty and conducted night patrols in the capital Monrovia and helped to build the capacity of the Liberian police.

4.Indian peacekeepers have served in UN peacekeeping missions around the world. They protect civilians and support peace processes, and also carry out specialist tasks. In Eritrea, Indian engineers helped to rehabilitate roads as part of the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).

5.Medical care is among the many services Indian Peacekeepers provide to the communities in which they serve on behalf of the Organization. They also perform specialized tasks such as veterinary support and engineering services. Indian doctors provide medical care to the local population in missions around the world, including in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

6.Indian peacekeepers have served in some of the most physically demanding and harshest environments, including South Sudan.

7.Currently, there are more than 6,700 troops and police from India who have been deployed to UN peacekeeping missions, the fourth highest amongst troop-contributing countries.


More than 160 Indian peacekeepers have paid the ultimate price in service to peace, losing their lives serving under the UN flag. It is critical that troop and police contributing countries should be fully involved at all stages and in all aspects of mission planning. There should be greater financial and human resources for peace-building in post-conflict societies, where UNPKOs have been mandated.