Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is of great significance to promoting peace and security, prosperity and development in Central Asia, Eurasia and the world at large. The expanded SCO “has become the largest regional institution in the world, which covers 60% of the Eurasian continent and has a population of over 3.2 billion, with the GDP of its member states accounting for about a quarter of the global total.” It boosts cooperation with observer states and dialog partners and communicates closely with the United Nations and international and regional organizations to build a multi-dimensional network.
POSITIVE SIDE/ ACHIEVEMENTS:
THE OTHER SIDE+ CONCLUSION:
However, the SCO still faces many challenges like eliminating religious extremism, ethnic separatism and international terrorism; improving trust and cohesion among members; better managing relations with external parties etc. Some see it as a “paper tiger” while others describe it with suspicion as a counterweight to NATO. The lack of a common culture and shared peaceful history among the members acts as an impediment to the success of SCO. SCO has come up with the idea of “Cultural and Tourism Capital” and the title will be rotated among the member states (Varansi being first).
Addressing these challenges can go a long way in strengthening SCO and its mandate. In times to come, SCO has the potential to become the voice of its member countries, protecting their interests at the global level, hence, standing as the torchbearer of geopolitical liberty, peace and freedom on the other.