General Studies Paper 1 (Social Issues)
Question:- 118. Despite innumerable efforts by the government, civil society etc. to empower women, the violence against women hasn’t gone down. What according to you are the reasons for the high number of incidents of violence against women in India? Is there a way out? Discuss. Answer in 250 words.
Nov 18, 2022


India has been infamously regarded as one of the most unsafe places for women. Data shows a consistent year-on-year rise in crime cases against women in India. Some common forms of violence against women are rape, dowry deaths, female infanticide, forced child marriage, abduction, and cases of acid throwing on women.

It has been estimated that only one in 10 of the victims of physical, emotional or sexual violence from intimate partners reports the offence. The poor reporting is primarily because of women’s low position in our patriarchal society, especially in India’s vast hinterland.



  1. 1. Discriminatory social, cultural or religious laws, norms and practices that marginalize women and girls and fail to respect their rights.
  2. 2. Gender stereotypes are often used to justify violence against women.
  3. 3. Collapse of family, social and communal structures and disrupted roles within the family often expose women and girls to risk and limit coping mechanisms and avenues for protection and redress.
  4. 4. Lack of access to justice institutions and mechanisms, resulting in a culture of impunity for violence and abuse.
  5. 5. Lack of adequate and affordable legal advice and representation.
  6. 6. Lack of adequate victim/survivor and witness protection mechanisms.
  7. 7. Inadequate legal framework, including national, traditional, customary and religious law, that discriminates against women and girls.
  8. 8. Threat or fear of stigma, isolation and social exclusion and exposure to further violence at the hands of the perpetrator, the community or the authorities, including arrest, detention, ill-treatment and punishment.
  9. 9. Lack of information about human rights and on how and where to seek remedies.
  10. 10. Social conditioning is also why many women stay in toxic and abusive relationships, some forever, others longer than they should. A report by the CSR Journal shows about 40 per cent of women in India find domestic violence acceptable in some cases.



  1. 1. A social audit state-wise and district-wise on all parameters- pattern of violence and inside the violence.
  2. 2. Gender based legislation: It is important to enact and enforce legislation and develop and implement policies that promote gender equality by ending discrimination against women in marriage, divorce and custody laws, inheritance laws and ownership of assets.
  3. 3. Financial Independence: Improving women’s access to paid employment.
  4. 4. Developing and resourcing national plans and policies to address violence against women.
  5. 5. Improve system of collecting crime surveillance data on violence against women.
  6. 6. Capacity building and training to service providers and law enforcement officers to handle cases of violence against women.
  7. 7. Male Mediated Initiatives: Ensure male involvement in devising program for abusers.
  8. 8. Prevent recurrence of violence: Through early identification of women and children who are experiencing violence and providing appropriate referral and support
  9. 9. Promote egalitarian gender norms as part of life skills and comprehensive sexuality education curricula taught to young people.



Above all, it’s the awareness generation and raising children to become liberal and respecting individuals that can bring real change. Violence against women not just results in the infringement of their fundamental right to life (Article 21) but of their right to exist as independent humans.