Wild animals in India are hunted for their body parts to make products like leather, fabrics, medicines, etc. that sell at very high prices in the international markets. The constitutional provisions establishing the duty of animal protection have resulted in the enactment of animal protection legislations both at the central and state level.
LINKAGE POINT: The following legislations stop cruelty against animals in India:
BODY PARAGRAPH-1: PROVISIONS
The act aims to safeguard all plants and animal species in the country to ensure environmental and ecological security. The Act prohibits the hunting of endangered animals while providing for the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and zoos. The Act established the National Board for Wildlife which is responsible for the promotion of wildlife conservation and the development of wildlife and forests. It also established Wildlife Crime Control Bureau. The Bureau aims to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
The basic cruelty law of India is contained in the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960. The objective of the Act is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and to amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals. This Act established the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) to advise the central government regarding amendments and rules to prevent unnecessary pain while transporting animals, performing experiments on animals or storing animals in captivity. It also promotes encouragement of financial assistance, rescue homes and animal shelters for old animals.
Furthermore, over the years Indian courts have developed a growing legal jurisprudence in animal law.
However, there are many factors which pose challenges to their effective protection. They are:
BODY PARAGRAPH-2 : CHALLENGES:
According to the Indian Constitution, it is everyone’s responsibility to care for and preserve the country’s natural resources, such as its forests, lakes, rivers, and animals. Hence, not just laws and legislations but people at large need to see what impact their actions have on animals. Every choice – what we choose to eat, what we choose to buy and which creatures do we extend our compassions to makes a difference.