Electric Vehicles | IAS Coaching in Chandigarh

/, Editorial Simplified, Environment & Ecology, GS Paper 3/Electric Vehicles | IAS Coaching in Chandigarh

IAS Coaching in Chandigarh. This article covers a summary of Carnegie India editorial.

To reinforce its Paris Climate Change Conference (2015) commitments, the government intends that all vehicles sold in India by 2030 should be electric.

NITI Aayog report –

  • A recently released NITI Aayog report on mobility transformation outlines a feasible and phased approach to achieve this goal.
  • Developed in partnership with the Rocky Mountain Institute, it presents the government’s vision of a shared, electric and connected mobility paradigm where mobility is a service based on an electric vehicle (EV) fleet, enabled by the convergence of low-cost technologies, smart designs, business model innovation and supportive policies.

Commitments by Government –

  • The government is leading by example, committing to go all electric for government-use vehicles.
  • The Central government is calling global tenders for the first 10,000 electric cars, of which a pilot phase of 500 cars has already been awarded.
  • Among the states, the Karnataka government has taken the lead in formulating India’s first comprehensive EV policy, supporting a complete ecosystem from manufacturing to deployment of charging stations.
  • The government plans to make public transport more economical and environment-friendly by promoting electric buses.

    You must remember these commitments. IAS Coaching in Chandigarh

Electric vehicles for private use –

EVs for private use have not been very popular in our country owing to range anxiety, high capital cost and long charging time, despite the obvious benefits of very low running costs and zero emission.

Making EV’s effective –

  • “Battery swapping” – To help bring down the capital cost of electric buses, reducing the battery size and adopting “swappable” battery technology can bring down the upfront capital cost while reducing the operational cost and charging time.
  • Electric cars with swappable batteries make a compelling business case for shared mobility operators (Ola and Uber), both for upfront capital cost and operational expenses. In fact, the economies of EVs are such that there is a better return for high-mileage use, making them better suited for shared mobility services. IAS Coaching in Chandigarh.

How Government is motivating the EV use?

  • Through a standardisation programme for charging stations and swappable batteries, the Government is allowing manufacturers to have standard products and protocols which will allow mobility service providers to buy multiple platforms (cars and buses) of vehicles with standardised energy sources and charging infrastructure.
  • The government’s agenda also focuses on developing an ecosystem to support the EV industry, which will enable various stakeholders to stay connected, enabling a high-functioning, EV-driven public transport system. For example, an electric bus heading for the last stop can signal EV taxis in the area about how many passengers it will be offloading.

Conclusion –

This is an opportune time for the auto industry to embrace the government’s EV push and collaborate with technology and mobility solution providers to capitalise on this opportunity. It will hugely benefit the nation, economically and environmentally, if the auto industry moves quickly to adapt to this inevitable disruption and reap the rewards.

To read more, visit Raj Malhotra’s IAS Coaching in Chandigarh.

Image result for answer writing practice   

Q- India has set an ambitious target to go all electric in terms of vehicle sales by 2030. Examine the roadmap of Government in this direction and what can be done to achieve this essential change.


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